Beijing, the capital city of China, has revealed a 20-point plan to accelerate the development and deployment of blockchain and distributed ledger technologies (DLT) and turn the city into both a global and national hub for blockchain tech.
It has been reported that the plan seeks to “promote theoretical innovation, technological breakthroughs, […] talent cultivation,” and “create new economic growth.”
However, the government will provide continued financial support for the plan throughout its course.
The Beijing Blockchain Innovation Development Action Plan 2020–2022 highlights the city’s intent to solidify itself as a global leader in both private blockchain innovation and public DLT deployment by the end of the next year.
As per the report, fostering a good business climate for blockchain innovation is cited as a top objective of Beijing, with “cultivating a group of unicorn enterprises” listed among the plan’s goals.
To promote innovation, the city will establish a “blockchain industry innovation development base” spanning the city’s top districts for financial and technological innovation. Also, Beijing plans to promote the establishment of standards of practice for the blockchain sector.
Likewise, the city hopes to “cultivate a group of unicorn enterprises and leading enterprises with global influence” through its initiatives.
It has been analyzed that the plan highlights initiatives to support research in key areas relating to DLT, including cryptography, high-performance computing, and chip technology, as Beijing will establish a blockchain-focused research and development institution that will work closely with China’s existing research institutions and universities.
The Beijing Blockchain Research Institute will be tasked with researching the “performance, security, privacy protection, scalability, and data authenticity” of DLT platforms.
Also, the institutions will research “network models, consensus mechanisms, distributed storage, zero-knowledge proofs, secure multi-party computing, cross-chain protocols, smart contracts, chains On-chain collaboration, and regulatory technology.”
It has also been reported that Beijing’s government seeks to encourage “research institutions, universities, and enterprises to build on […] blockchain” and contribute to the creation of an “independent and controllable underlying open-source technology platform.”
In addition to fostering private innovation, the plan highlights various public applications for DLT, including developing a blockchain-based directory system, digital identity platform, government data-sharing platform, and unified social credit applications, all of which will be capable of cross-chain interaction.
Moreover, Beijing also hopes to “promote data sharing [and] business collaboration in government services” across departments and regions through the creation of a blockchain-based “common infrastructure for government services.”
The report stated:
“We will be the first to focus on real estate registration [and] unified electronic bills in the field of finance and taxation.”
Thus, Beijing will also invest in traceability projects to promote public safety in matters concerning “food, hazardous waste, emergency equipment, rescue funds,” and medical records, among other areas.