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Nepal Proposes Legal Changes To Issue Its Own Digital Currency

The Nepal Rastra Bank (NRB) is ready with revisions to the law determining its powers and responsibilities that would allow the monetary authority to issue a digital version of the country’s fiat currency, the Nepalese rupee, as Nepal has proposed legal changes allowing the country’s central bank to issue its own digital currency.

It has been reported that the news follows a study concluding that a central bank digital currency (CBDC) is a feasible project. According to Revati Nepal, chief of the bank’s Currency Management Department, a task force has already drafted an amendment bill.

He added:

“After internal discussions, we will send the bill to the government to table it in parliament.”

However, changes will be made to the Nepal Rastra Bank Act from 2002. The study on the matter was announced with the NRB’s Monetary Policy 2021-22 paper. A team headed by Revati Nepal suggested that before developing the CBDC, the regulator needed to introduce the legal provisions that would allow it to implement it.

The report said that the experts have now proposed concrete steps to move ahead, including the preparation of a legal framework for the digital currency.

The NRB official said:

“There are suggestions for technical and economic issues to be considered.”

Likewise, the central bank intends to design a separate digital wallet for the CBDC through which digital banking transactions could be carried out.

Nepal elaborated:

“Measures will also be taken to explore interoperability with the digital payment service providers.”

The executive made it clear that the Nepal Rastra Bank is not in a hurry to issue the digital currency. The monetary authority of the Himalayan nation wants to first observe how neighboring countries in South Asia, including India and China, proceed with introducing their CBDCs.

Nepal emphasized:

“We don’t want to take the unnecessary risk by rushing into introducing digital currency.”

Nirmala Sitharaman, the finance minister of Nepal’s southern neighbor, announced in February that the world’s most populous democracy was planning to launch a digital version of its currency during the next financial year, which began on April 1. It is set to become one of the largest economies to introduce a digital currency with the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) expected to roll it out in 2023.

Moreover, Nepal’s other powerful neighbor, China, has been exploring the potential of a CBDC since 2014 and is already conducting trials. Cities like Shenzhen, Suzhou, and Chengdu became the scene of the initial launch of its digital yuan in 2020. The tests were then expanded to more regions, including Hainan province, Shanghai, and a number of other cities in 2021. The People’s Bank of China offered athletes and visitors a chance to try the e-CNY currency at the Winter Olympics this year.

Various types of digital currencies, including decentralized cryptocurrencies like bitcoin, have been in circulation for years now. Most governments are in the early stages of developing state-issued digital currencies.

According to a survey by the Bank for International Settlements released in 2021, 86% of central banks were researching the potential of CBDCs, 60% percent were experimenting with the technology and only 14 percent were deploying pilot projects. Nepal still has a long way to go but the NRB’s study produced a concept paper that is currently under review at the bank.

Revati Nepal said:

“We will identify the way forward after the conclusion of ongoing discussions.”

Thus, Prakash Kumar Shrestha, the chief of the central bank’s economic research department, who pointed to other important aspects that need attention such as cybersecurity, said:

“It will be good for Nepal to introduce digital currency with appropriate technology acquired from other nations.”

Source: Bitcoin News



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