A policy think tank of the Indian government- NITI Aayog has released its national blockchain policy draft paper titled “Blockchain — The India Strategy”.
The paper explains different use cases of blockchain in India along with some conclusions from ongoing pilot projects. The strategy document targets stakeholders such as government, enterprise leaders and citizens with the aim of demystifying the concepts surrounding blockchain technology. It aims to create a concrete national plan of action towards blockchain technology.
The policy paper is being released in two different parts-
Part one deals with basic concepts, trust systems, the economic potential of smart contracts and blockchain, ease of doing business and different ongoing use cases.
Part two will be released in the coming weeks which will mainly cover different recommendations for using blockchain technology in India.
The think tank explains that the generic features of distributed ledger technology could represent a paradigm shift in the political economy of India. It emphasizes a rethink of the current engagement of government bodies:
“Government should pay special attention to the decentralized network where peer-to-peer transactions can create more socio-economic value. If state entity is there just to ledger maintenance and not adding some value then we can relook the role of government.”
NITI Aayog has pursued proof of concepts in four areas in an attempt to better understand the possible hurdles to implement blockchain technology such as:
track and trace of drugs in the pharmaceutical supply chain
claims verification and approval in the disbursement of fertilizer subsidies
verification of university certificates
transfer of land records
However, according to NITI Aayog in order to deploy blockchain at scale, the private and public sectors need some legal and regulatory modifications.